Deutsche Lufthansa AG, known simply as Lufthansa and sometimes internationally as Lufthansa German Airlines) is the flag carrier of Germany and the largest airline in Europe in terms of total passengers transported and fleet size.
Airbus A380-800 Inflight
The German government had a 35.68% stake in Lufthansa until 1997, but now the company is owned by private investors (88.52%), MGL Gesellschaft für Luftverkehrswerte (10.05%), Deutsche Postbank (1.03% ) and Deutsche Bank (0.4%) and has 119 084 employees (as of 2011). The name of the company is derived from Luft (the German word for “air”) and Hansa (after the Hanseatic League).
The airline is the world’s fourth largest airline in terms of overall passengers carried, operating services to 18 domestic destinations and 197 international destinations in 78 countries in Africa, America, Asia and Europe. Together with its partners Lufthansa services around 410 destinations. With over 870 aircraft, which has one of the largest fleets of passenger airlines in the world when combined with its subsidiaries.
Lufthansa’s registered office and corporate headquarters are in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The main base, called Lufthansa Aviation Center (LAC) is on the main traffic hub for Lufthansa in Frankfurt airport. The majority of Lufthansa’s pilots, ground staff, and flight attendants are based in Frankfurt.
Lufthansa is a founding member of Star Alliance, the largest airline alliance in the world, founded in 1997. The Lufthansa Group employs 117,000 people worldwide of 146 nationalities. In 2010, over 90 million passengers flew with Lufthansa (not including Germanwings and Lufthansa).
Lufthansa traces its history to 1926 when the Deutsche Luft Hansa AG (from 1933 styled as Deutsche Lufthansa) was formed in Berlin, an airline that served as flag carrier of the country until 1945 when all services were suspended after the defeat of Germany in World War II. In an effort to create a new German national airline, a company called Aktiengesellschaft für Luftverkehrsbedarf (Luftag), was founded in Cologne on January 6, 1953, with a large number of its staff after having worked for Lufthansa before war. At that time, West Germany had not been granted sovereignty over its airspace, however, so it is not known whether the new airline could be operational. However, in 1953 Luftag orders placed for four CV-340 and four Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation aircraft Convair and establish a maintenance base at the airport in Hamburg. On August 6, 1954 Luftag acquired the name and logo of Deutsche Lufthansa settlement of DM 30,000, continuing the tradition of the German flag carrier of the same name.
Lufthansa Airlines Fleet in 2013
On 1 April 1955 Lufthansa was granted approval to launch scheduled domestic services, interlinking Hamburg, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Cologne and Munich. International operations started on 15 May 1955, with flights to London, Paris and Madrid, followed by services to New York City from June 1 of that year with Super Constellation aircraft, and Atlantic routes South since August 1956.
Due to the special situation of the city, Lufthansa was not allowed to operate flights to all parts of Berlin until 1989. Originally thought to be just a temporary issue (and with the firm intention of moving headquarteres of the airline’s main base and once the political situation would change), the Division of Germany proved to be long lasting, leading some by little to Frankfurt Airport is evolving in the main center of Lufthansa in place.
East Germany attempted to establish its own airline in 1955 with Lufthansa name, but this resulted in a legal dispute with West Germany, where the company was already running. Consequently, East Germany established Interflug instead as its national airline in 1963, which coincided with the East German Lufthansa is closing.
Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental While Takeoff
In 1958 Lufthansa ordered four Boeing 707 and started Jet flights from Frankfurt to New York in March 1960. Boeing 720Bs later bought back up the 707 fleet. In February 1961, Far East routes were extended beyond Bangkok, Thailand, Hong Kong and Tokyo. Lagos, Nigeria and Johannesburg, South Africa were added in 1962.
Lufthansa introduced the Boeing 727 in May 1964 and began the Polar route from Frankfurt to Tokyo. In February 1965, the company made twenty 737s middle distance which entered service in 1968.
Lufthansa was the first customer for the Boeing 737 and was one of only four buyers of the 737-100s (the others were NASA, Malaysia-Singapore Airlines and Avianca – while the NASA airframe was first built, it was the last delivered and originally aimed at delivering Lufthansa). Lufthansa became the first foreign launch customer for a Boeing.
The widebody era began with a flight Lufthansa Boeing 747 on April 26, 1970. In 1979, Lufthansa and Swissair were launch customers for the Airbus A310, with an order for twenty-five aircraft.
Modernization Program Fleet for 1990 company began June 29, 1985 an order for fifteen Airbus A320s and seven Airbus A300-600. Ten Boeing 737-300s were ordered a few days. All were delivered between 1987 and 1992. Lufthansa also bought Airbus A321, Airbus A340 and the Boeing 747-400.
In 1987 Lufthansa together with Air France, Iberia and SAS founded Amadeus, an IT company (also known as a GDS) that allow travel agencies to sell the founders and other airlines’ products from a single system .
Lufthansa adopted a new corporate identity in 1988. The fleet was given a new image while cabins, city offices and airport lounges were redesigned.
The October 28, 1990, 25 days after reunification, Berlin once again became a Lufthansa destination. The May 18, 1997, Lufthansa, Air Canada, Scandinavian Airlines, Thai Airways and United Airlines formed the Star Alliance, the first multilateral airline alliance in the world.
In 2000 Air One became a partner airline of Lufthansa and nearly all Air One flights were code-shared with Lufthansa until the purchase of Air One by Alitalia. Lufthansa has a good track record for posting profits, even in 2001, after 9/11, the company suffered a significant loss in profits but still managed to stay ‘in the black. While many other airlines announced layoffs (typically 20% of their workforce), Lufthansa maintains its current staff.
On 6 December 2001, Lufthansa announced an order for 15 Airbus A380 superjumbo with 10 more options, which was confirmed on December 20. The A380 fleet will be used for long haul flights from Frankfurt exclusively.
In June 2003, Lufthansa opened Terminal 2 Airport Munich Franz Josef Strauss to relieve its main hub, Frankfurt, which was suffering from capacity constraints. It is one of the first terminals in Europe partially owned by an airline.
Fall 2003, the implementation of a new marketing strategy initiated by the then head Thierry Antinori, executive vice president for the company fit for the digital age: abolition of commission payments to travel agencies led to a revolution in business German travel with many travel agencies that disappears from the market, on the one hand, and the emergence of new digital distribution platforms on the other hand.
The May 17, 2004, Lufthansa became the launch customer for the Connexion by Boeing service Internet connectivity during flight.
The March 22, 2005, SWISS was bought by Lufthansa Airlines. The acquisition includes the provision that the majority shareholders (the Swiss government and large Swiss companies) be offered payment if the stock price exceeds a Lufthansa airline index during the years following the merger. The two companies will continue to run separately.
D-AIMA, the first Airbus A380 delivered to Lufthansa landing at Stuttgart airport for a flight crew training (2010). On 6 December 2006, Lufthansa placed an order for 20 Boeing 747-8I airliners, becoming the launch customer of the type. The airline is also the second European airline to operate the Airbus A380 (after Air France). The first A380 was delivered on May 19, 2010. The June 11, 2010, the Airbus A380 service was operated between Frankfurt and Tokyo.
Lufthansa is owned by private investors (88.52%), MGL Gesellschaft für Luftverkehrswerte (10.05%), Deutsche Postbank (1.03%) and Deutsche Bank (0.4%) and 37,042 employees (at March 2007) .
The December 13, 2007, Lufthansa and American low-cost airline JetBlue announced the launch of a partnership initiated through the 19% stake purchase in Jetblue shares by Lufthansa. This is the first major ownership investment by a European company in a U.S. vehicle since the EU-US Open Skies Agreement became effective in 2008.
Lufthansa is the airline with the largest number of Airbus A340-600 in its fleet. The image shows such a plane at the airport in Munich (2010). In late 2007, the Lufthansa cargo hub dispute was started by Russia. Lufthansa was forced to relocate its cargo hub from Kazakhstan to Russia.
The August 28, 2008, Lufthansa and Brussels Airlines announced that they were negotiating union. The September 15, 2008, it was jointly announced by both airlines that Lufthansa will acquire a 45% stake in Brussels Airlines with an option to acquire the remaining 55% from 2011. As part of this deal Brussels Airlines will join Star Alliance. Brussels entered into the Star Alliance in December 2009.
On 28 October 2008, Lufthansa exercised its option to purchase a new fee of 60% in BMI (additionally to the 20% Lufthansa already owned), this resulted in a dispute with former owner Sir Michael Bishop, however. Both parties reached an agreement in late June 2009, so the acquisition could take place from July 1, 2009. With the acquisition of the remaining 20% of Scandinavian Airlines Lufthansa has full control over BMI since 1 November 2009.
In November 2008, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines announced a deal in which Lufthansa will buy the majority stock from the Austrian government. The deal was completed in January 2009. At the same time, Lufthansa announced that they are in serious talks with Scandinavian Airlines System about a merger between the two airlines Lufthansa, but would have to make major changes to SAS before this is viable because of the financial situation of Scandinavian Airlines System over the last few years. In May 2009, it announced that talks are occurring between a “closer commercial co-operation” between the two companies, but that a takeover is not in Lufthansa’s plans. He also announced that if British Airways was unable to complete its merger with Iberia, it would try to start talks with the Spanish airline itself.
In 2010, Lufthansa was named in a European Commission investigation into price-fixing, but was not fined due to acting as a whistleblower.
In November 2011, Lufthansa has agreed to sell its subsidiary, BMI Airlines for the IAG group (owner of British Airways and Iberia), pending approval, for £ 172.5 million
In July 2012, a maintenance agreement Technik Qantas, Lufthansa Tullamarine Airport failed due to having enough work on the engine to support the association. This resulted in 164 engineers become redundant. This follows a few months after the close of heavy maintenance operations, which resulted in 400 additional jobs. It was announced that Lufthansa Technik-Qantas partnership would end in September.
Until April 2009 departure control systems Lufthansa inventory and, based on Unisys were managed by LH Systems. Lufthansa reservations systems were outsourced to Amadeus in the early 1990s. Following a decision to outsource all components of the Passenger Service System, the functions were outsourced to the Altéa platform managed by Amadeus.
Lufthansa built up a network of partners around the world, offering coordinated connections, frequent flyer programs and code sharing common. After the liquidation of Team Lufthansa, some of the former Team Lufthansa members were integrated into the partner program. All airlines remain independent and keep their own corporate identity. Lufthansa Partners around the world are: Air Malta from Malta, Air India and Luxair Luxembourg.
First Class Cabin Interior in Airbus A380-800
Lufthansa provides three kinds of interior cabin as follows:
Lufthansa First Class is offered on most long-haul aircraft (Airbus A330-300, A340-300, A340-600, A380-800 and Boeing 747-8). Each seat converts to a bed of two meters, includes laptop power outlets and entertainment venues. However, in the 747-400 offering flat seat bed and are all in the context of a banknote. Meals are available on demand. Lufthansa offers dedicated First Class check-in counters at most airports, and offers dedicated First Class lounges in Frankfurt and Munich, as well as a dedicated First Class Terminal in Frankfurt. Arriving passengers have the option of using the facilities of the arrival of the Lufthansa first class and the new Welcome Lounge. Lufthansa has introduced a new First Class product aboard the Airbus A380 and plans to gradually introduce all long-haul aircraft. SCORE With the new program, introduced to increase profits by 1.5 million in the following years, the LH route expansion will stop and extensively reduce their supply first class on most routes.
Long haul Lufthansa Business Class is offered on all long-haul aircraft. Each seat converts into a flat bed position angle of two meters, includes laptop power outlets and entertainment. Lufthansa offers dedicated Business Class check-in counters at all airports, as well as business classrooms dedicated to most airports, or contract lounges at other airports, as well as the Lufthansa Welcome Lounge upon arrival in Frankfurt. A new Business Class was introduced in 2012 on the Boeing 747-8.  have fully flat seats, instead of the old angled reclining seats and an entertainment screen seat-back big. The seats will be introduced through the widebody fleet of Lufthansa.
Seat Configuration of Economy Class of Lufthansa Airbus A380-800
Long distance Lufthansa Economy Class is offered on all long-haul aircraft. All have a “seat pitch except the Airbus A340, which have a 32” distance between seats 31. Passengers receive meals and drinks. In 2007, Lufthansa began installing Audio-Video-On-Demand personal screens (AVOD) in Economy Class. The Airbus A340s and A330s have been completely refurbished with AVOD, while 747-400 are in the process of being remodeled. The Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8s are delivered with AVOD systems already installed.